Kidney Problems in Kids
Chronic Renal Failure irreversible leading to End Stage Renal Failure is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children around the world.
According to United Nationâ€™s Childrenâ€™s Emergency Fund data show that 28% of Indian children are <2.5 kg at birth. Hypovitaminosis A and other nutritional issues during pregnancy may cause smaller kidney volume at birth and a lower eGFR. Consanguinity and genetic inbreeding increase risk of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract and obstructive or reflux nephropathy. Poverty, poor sanitation, pollutants, water contamination, overcrowding, and known and unknown nephrotoxins (including heavy metals and plant toxins in indigenous remedies) with paediatric obesity may lead to glomerular and interstitial kidney diseases.
There are some typical signs of kidney problems in children. They are:
- Growth impairment
- Chronic kidney diseaseâ€“mineral and bone disorder
- Cardiovascular complications